How To Setup A Wireless Microphone System
No cables mean more mobility for you as a performer. How to setup wireless microphone? We are here to help you.
How Wireless Microphones Work
Before we proceed with wireless microphone setup, let us learn how wireless microphones work.
Unlike traditional microphones, wireless microphones use radio frequencies (RF) to transmit sound.
A wireless microphone has three components: the microphone, the transmitter, and the receiver. The transmitter sends the radio frequency to the receiver, which then transmits the signal to the mixer. Without the cables, a wireless microphone system allows you to move and perform more freely.
You can find wireless microphone systems in places of worship, entertainment and sporting venues, and fitness gyms.
Kinds Of Wireless Microphones
The three most common styles of wireless microphones are the handheld microphone, lavalier or lapel microphone, and the head-worn microphone.
- The handheld microphone looks similar to the traditional microphone, except that it has no cables attached to it. You can hold it or clip it to a mic stand while you sing, give a speech, recite poetry, play the guitar, etc. Handheld microphones have built-in battery packs.
- The lapel mic or lavalier microphone is a small microphone with a transmitter device and a battery pack. The microphone component is clipped into the user’s collar or revere for voice pick-up. The battery pack is then placed into the user's pocket or clipped into their belt. The transmitter is attached to video cameras or sound systems.
- The head-worn microphone, as the name suggests, is used by wearing it on your head. The small microphone is attached to the end of a thin boom.
A battery-operated wireless microphone’s signal strength and operating range will be reduced if the batteries run low. Make sure that it has new or fully-charged batteries before using it for an event to avoid performance issues.
How To Setup Wireless Microphone System
Let’s discuss the main topic of this article: how to hook up a wireless microphone.
There are three main steps to do this: install the antenna and receiver, pair the receiver and antenna, and set the volume of the system.
Installing The Antenna And Receiver
The receiver should be placed where performers will have a consistent and direct line of sight to it. It should also be ten feet away from other wireless devices such as computer routers and mobile phones to avoid static and feedback.
- Always point the antenna toward the ceiling. If you have more than one antenna, angle them to form a V shape. Make sure that no metal objects are obstructing your antenna.
- Attach the output of the receiver to an input channel on the mixing board.
- Turn on the receiver.
Pairing The Antenna And Receiver
The pairing method is different for every model of wireless microphones. Please check the user’s manual to learn the specific pairing procedure for your system. Some systems have an auto-scan feature that searches all frequencies, groups, or channels to find the best available frequency.
To confirm that the transmitter and receiver are paired, check the RF meter or LED on your receiver. If the meter or LED is flashing or low, try a different frequency.
Setting Volume Levels
On your mixer, turn down your receiver, transmitter, and channels to the lowest volume levels.
- Speak or sing into your input device as you normally would during a performance, while slowly turning up the transmitter and receiver.
- Turn the levels down once you see the AF meter reach the maximum until it no longer clips.
- Then, turn up the channel’s gain knob until the clip/overload/peak light appears.
- After, turn the gain knob down until the clipping light fades. Adjust the channel’s fader as needed.
That’s how to setup wireless microphone system for your event. Always make sure that you follow the specific instructions indicated on your user guide to achieving the maximum performance of your devices.